Blogsarrows-right-grey9 Steps to Create User Personas for Your Agile Product Team

9 Steps to Create User Personas for Your Agile Product Team


May 31st, 2024. 7 mins read

Persona Creation for agile product team


In the dynamic landscape of product development, staying ahead of the game demands more than simply speed; it demands agility.

Picture a team navigating twists and turns, always adapting to meet the ever-changing needs of their customers. 

But how will they keep on course? This is where the creation of user personas becomes inevitable.

These vital tools serve as a road map for agile product teams as they navigate the maze of consumer preferences, behaviors, and desires. 

In this article, we'll look at how to create user personas that are specific to agile product teams.

Understanding UX User Persona

UX personas provide insights into the hearts and minds of your target audience. 

These fictional representations of your ideal consumers give essential insights into their goals, interests, and behaviors, enabling you to successfully adjust your products and services to their needs.

But what are the main characteristics of user personas? Let's have a closer look.

  1. Goal-Oriented
  2. Based on Real Facts
  3. Decision Making
  4. Adaptive

1. Goal-Oriented

User personas are motivated by goals, whether they are solving an issue, attaining a specified outcome, or satisfying a desire.

Understanding your personas' goals allows you to develop products and experiences that lead them to success.

2. Based on Real facts

Though user personas are fictional representations, they are created based on actual data. From user interviews to analytics, all data is systematically gathered and analyzed to provide an authentic portrait of your target population. 

By using actual data, you can guarantee that your personas accurately reflect your consumers' different requirements and interests, resulting in more successful product decisions.

3. Decision making 

User personas play an important role in decision-making. They give essential insights into your users' goals, issues, and motivations, allowing product teams to make informed decisions that meet their needs. 

Whether it's prioritizing features or optimizing user experiences, user personas serve as a guiding light, ensuring that every choice is based on user needs.

4. Adaptive

User behavior is something that keeps changing all the time, and to cope with this, adaptability is essential. User personas are not static entities; they develop and adapt over time to meet changing user demands, market trends, and technology improvements.

By being adaptable, personas continue to deliver relevant and actionable insights that feed product development and drive innovation.

How to create user personas for your agile product team?

Creating user personas is an important step in developing products that suit the requirements and expectations of your target audience.

To keep up with the fast-paced nature of product development, agile product teams require a simplified and effective approach to developing user personas. 

Here are some important stages for creating user personas effectively:

  1. Decide your market
  2. Keep your personas concise
  3. Choose a primary persona
  4. Concentrate on the primary benefit or problem
  5. Include development team members
  6. Differentiate between user and buyer personas
  7. Make your personas credible
  8. Keep the personas updated
  9. Identify inappropriate personas

1. Decide your target market

Start gathering information on your target users through surveys, interviews, and analytics. Understanding their goals, challenges, and behaviors is critical for the team to develop authentic personas that reflect the variety of your target audience.

2. Keep your personas concise

Keeping your personas clear and focused is very important, though there is immense data to be gathered and used. Avoid overloading your team with unnecessary data and instead focus on the critical insights that drive decision-making.

3. Choose a primary persona

Once you have gathered enough data, look for common themes and patterns to identify gaps. This will help you choose a primary persona that reflects your target audience. This persona should represent the most frequent features and behaviours among your consumers and serve as a guideline for product development.

4. Concentrate on the primary benefit or problem

Highlight the primary advantage or problem that your product addresses for your customers. This fundamental focus will keep your team on track while developing a persona that meets your audience's core demands.

5. Include development team members

Collaboration is essential in product development; therefore, include members of your development team in the persona creation process. Their varied viewpoints and experiences may enrich the identity of the persona. Once created, share the personas with the whole team.

6. Differentiate user and buyer personas

User personas represent the characteristics, behaviors, and needs of individuals who will directly interact with a product or service. Whereas, buyer personas represent the characteristics, motivations, and buying behaviors of individuals or groups who make purchasing decisions. 

Differentiating between the two helps the team ensure that your personas are compatible with the right audience and goals.

7. Make your personas credible

Create identities that are both real and relatable to your team. Bring your personas to life with actual facts and anecdotes, making them more tangible and useful during the decision-making process.

8. Keep the personas updated

User personas should develop and adapt as your audience and market conditions change. Keep your personas current and useful by regularly updating them with fresh data and insights. 

9. Identify inappropriate personas

User personas are useful tools for many product teams, but they may not be ideal for all projects. Recognize when personalities are irrelevant or unnecessary, and change your strategy appropriately.

Examples of user persona
Example 1: Elina is a freelance graphic designer.


Elina is a 30-year-old freelance graphic designer based in Bangalore who specializes in branding, illustration, and print design. 


  • Attract new clients and grow freelance graphic design business.
  • Improve your portfolio by completing a variety of tasks that highlight your talents.
  • Streamline productivity to meet tight deadlines while producing high-quality work.

Pain points:

  • Challenges include inconsistent work and a reliance on networking for recommendations.
  • Difficulty in managing customer expectations and communicating effectively.
  • Administrative tasks like invoicing and project management add over workload.

Example 2: Sachin, an entrepreneur


Sachin, a 40-year-old small company entrepreneur based in Delhi. Launched an e-commerce firm five years ago, specializing in handcrafted artisanal items. 


  • Expand small businesses and generate earnings with internet sales.
  • Increase client happiness with great goods and services.
  • Boost web presence to attract new clients through marketing.

Pain Points:

  • Limited resources and budgetary restrictions hinder marketing activities.
  • Competition comes from larger firms and internet merchants.
  • Overwhelmed by the duties of running a small business, including inventory and customer service.

Wrap Up

Creating user personas is more than simply a checkbox; it is a strategic need for product teams seeking to produce excellent solutions that match their consumers' expectations.

By following the main steps mentioned in this article, product teams may maximize the potential of user personas and achieve success in their product development efforts. 

From getting to know your consumers and keeping personas concise to distinguishing between user and buyer personas, every step is critical in creating personas that resonate with your audience and lead your product decisions.

So, when you set out to design user personas for your agile product team, ensure to stay focused and, most importantly, loyal to your consumers' wants and preferences.



Join BuildUX, tools for strategic UX!

BuildUX is in its final stages to launch internationally. Join the Beta community.